Aug 042015
 

The constant knee-jerk response to the NHS’ perennial financial tribulations – more here – usually takes the form of a politicised barrage of criticism about how ‘Dave and his cronies’ are deliberately starving the health care system of cash in order to somehow force it into being rescued by a cabal of privateers crouched slavering in the wings waiting to pounce and bleed dry what is patently not a cash cow. Empirically this makes no sense, but it’s worth having a look at just how ‘cash-starved’ the NHS really is. Figure 1 below from independent think tank The King’s Fund shows UK spend vs a number of developed countries, including some – often cited by the political left as examples of progressive health care utopias – who are ahead in terms of overall expenditure. Indeed, those countries (excluding the US for its obvious outlier status) spend a maximum of about 15% more overall on health (not the 40-50% trotted out by the usual suspects). Nevertheless, 15% (or an additional 1-2% of GDP) is a very significant amount and would undoubtedly dig the NHS out of a hole, but where is that money coming from? The figure clearly shows that almost without exception (the exception being Norway, which can reap the rewards of decades of prudent investment of its oil revenues) all of those countries have a higher private component of health care expenditure. Indeed, if all private components were removed it would look as if the UK spends no less of its public money on health (in fact possibly on the contrary it might even spend more) than other developed states.


Private-public health care spending in OECD

Figure 1. Private-Public Health Care Spending in OECD (The King’s Fund)


Data published by The World Bank (see summary in Figure 2, and original data at bottom of this post) would indeed seem to support this viewpoint. While the data for % GDP health, and by implication health care spend per capita are lower in the UK vs other high income OECD countries, UK public spending on health is clearly shown to be higher. What else can explain this gap other than the under contribution of the private sector hinted at in Figure 1?

Back to Figure 1, and another way of interpreting this chart is to look at those countries that spend overall less than the UK but almost invariably have a higher private component. Of course we are told nothing here about health outcomes but I doubt that the populations of Korea or Ireland are significantly more sick than Britons. So, this could well be an indicator that a higher increased private health care expenditure component is an efficient way of driving down overall costs with no detriment to outcomes. But why let reasonable questioning stand in the way of ignorant apoplexy and a rational debate on the future of the NHS?


Health Care Spend World Bank Data

Figure 2. Health Care Spend World Bank Data


 

 

Data from World Bank

 

Data from World Bank

 

Data from World Bank

  133 Responses to “Public Spending on the NHS: How Does it Compare to OECD Average”

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Чтобы обезопасить себя от некачественной продукции, при покупке обязательно нужно просить продавца показать сертификаты соответствия. В сертификате, как правило, есть данные об экологической безопасности материала и его соответствии санитарным нормам. Гранит – вулканическая горная порода с содержанием кварца от 15 до 35 %. Это делает материал очень прочным, не поддающимся выветриванию, разрушению под влиянием времени, воды и холода. Для внешней отделки лучше материала не придумаешь. Гранит можно использовать на улице при строительстве фасадов, ступеней, парапетов, скамеек, подставок под тумбы. Мостить дорожки и площадки тоже предпочтительнее гранитом. Кроме как алмазным инструментом, гранит ничем не возьмешь. Он не боится каблуков, больших скоплений народа, давления автомобильных колес. Привычная колотая брусчатка из гранита, характерна для старых улиц. Вместо неё сегодня активно применяют пиленую брусчатку – очень долговечную и удобную для ходьбы и проезда транспорта. фанера Е1 – содержание формальдегида на 100 г абсолютно сухой массы фанеры не более 10 мг включительно. Сейчас цены на подобные ремонты начинаются от 4000 рублей за квадратный метр (при этом стоит понимать, что найти добросовестную бригаду за эти деньги практически нереально) и могут достигать 6-8 тысяч. Наша цена ниже – 3800 рублей за квадратный метр, что позволяет отлично сэкономить. Более того – вы получите гарантию на работы, доставку материалов, льготные цены на их покупку и еще много того, что предлагают более дорогие компании. Элементы мозаики выпускаются в виде квадрата, сторона которого может быть от 0,5 до 15 см. Обычно можно встретить в продаже целые панно 30х30 см в виде набранных на сетку тессер. Но некоторые разновидности «драгоценной» мозаики продаются поштучно на вес. Стоимость панно может варьироваться от 500 руб за кв. м до нескольких тысяч. [url=http://o-remonte.com/kirpichnaya-kladka-svoimi-rukami/] как сделать раствор для кладки кирпича [/url] Чем отличается вибролитая плитка от вибропрессованной? Что такое SIP панели Перед тем как решиться на укладку паркета, нужно знать, что древесина – это «живой» природный материал, на который оказывают влияние такие природные факторы, как влажность помещения и температура… Конструкция соответствует СНиП 2.03.13-88 и чертежам типовых деталей полов 2.144-1/88 (узлы 63, 69, 75, 81, 87), 2.244-1 (узлы 140,147, 149, 160, 161). Найдя широкое применение при возведении жилых и офисных зданий гипсокартон прочно, и, похоже надолго закрепился на отечественном рынке строительных материалов…. М500 Д0 – материал не содержит добавок, нашел широкое применение в строительных работах при производстве несущих и других прочных конструкций; имеет хорошие показатели по морозостойкости, а также гидрофобные свойства. Кроме значительного снижения теплопотерь, стальные двери с терморазрывом обладают рядом других преимуществ: Полистирольная плита плотностью не менее 35 мг/м3 толщиной 20-200 мм, в зависимости от теплопотерь пола и теплового режима помещения. Кроме основных моментов существуют небольшие хитрости и мелочи, которые помогут вашим апартаментам произвести хорошее впечатление: Активная популяризация SIP технологии захватывает все большее внимание людей, и на сегодняшний момент многие задумываются о строительство домов по такой технологии. Вскрытие лаком
    Источник http://o-remonte.com

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